Common side effects of Macrobid (Nitrofurantoin)

The medicine Macrobid is an antibiotic and therefore, a drug used to treat bacterial infections. It is used to treat urinary tract infections and infections of the bladder. Macrobid is the brand name used for the drug nitrofurantoin. It is able to fight against several types of bacteria such as E. Coli, Enterobacter cystitis, Enterococcus, Klebsiella, and Staphylococcus aureus.

Macrobid is an effective drug for preventing and treating acute cystitis which is a condition of an inflamed bladder due to the entrance of bacteria from the outside of the body and into the urinary tract through the urethra. It eventually begins to multiply and cause inflammation.

It is important; however that Nitrofurantoin is only used for bacterial infections as it would not work for other viral or fungal disease. 

Read more: Common side effects of Macrobid (Nitrofurantoin)

Common side effects of Meclizine

Meclizine is pharmacologically classified as an antihistamine which is considered to be an antiemetic. It is not a drug but a generic ingredient and is available under a number of brand names.

It is used for treating and preventing nausea, vomiting, and dizziness caused by motion sickness. It is also used to prevent and treat vertigo which is extreme dizziness and results in the person losing his rational stability while his surroundings continuously spin around him.

It reduces the loss of balance caused by inner ear problems. It can also help with disorders of the inner ear that can lead to spinning and haphazard sensations.

Some medical professionals prescribe Meclizine because of its local anaesthetic effects and its depressant effect on the central nervous system and so; consequently, the fine hair located in the inner ear receives less stimulation. As a result, dizziness and nausea symptoms are reduced.

Read more: Common side effects of Meclizine

Common side effects of Melatonin

Melatonin, known as N-acetyl-5-methoxy tryptamine, is a hormone which is secreted and produced by the pineal glands which are located deep in the center of the brain and were once known as the ‘third eye.’ Pineal glands are responsible for the production of melatonin, a serotonin-derived hormone which modulates and regulates sleep patterns in both circadian and seasonal cycles.

Apart from regulating circadian rhythm, it also monitors and regulates reproductive hormones. The level of melatonin is high in the human body when one is asleep until he is exposed to the daylight. People who have difficulty while sleeping have low levels of Melatonin.

Melatonin is used for people who have sleep problems due to an irregular sleep cycle such as jet lag, or irregular night shifts at work.

It is also used by people who are trying to regulate their menstruation, length of the ovulation cycle, and menopause and when people are trying to stabilize their internal body clock. It is used to treat breast cancer, brain cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer, a lung disease called chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, for recovery after surgery, agitation caused by anesthesia, stress, fibromyalgia and Gallbladder stones.

Apart from the uses of Melatonin listed above, doctors are also exploring the effects of Melatonin on:
  •  Alzheimer's disease
  •  Cancer
  •  Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
  •  High nighttime blood pressure
  •  Sleep problems in kids with autism spectrum disorders

Common side effects of Meloxicam

Meloxicam is an anti-inflammatory drug which was developed by Boehringer-Ingelheim. It belongs to the category of drugs known as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) which are used to treat any sort of pain or inflammation.

Meloxicam is chemically designated as 4-hydroxy-2-methyl-N-(5methyl2thiazolyl)-2H-1,2-benzothiazine-3-carboxamide-1,1-dioxide.

It is used to treat arthritis and reduces pain, swelling, and the stiffness of the joints caused by osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, as well as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis in patients 2 years of age or older.

Read more: Common side effects of Meloxicam

Common Side Effects of Metformin

Metformin is a medicinal drug which is commonly found under the trade name Glucophage and various others. It is prescribed for the treatment of type II diabetes, specifically for overweight patients.

Metformin is also used for the treatment of PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome). There have been some scientific reports which suggest Metformin can help prevent cardiovascular diseases to accelerate and cure cancer complications related to diabetes.

It controls blood sugar levels which in turn prevents kidney damage, blindness, nerve problems, strokes, and sexual function problems. The active ingredient in this medicine is metformin hydrochloride coupled with inactive ingredients such as Cellulose acetate, hypromellose, povidone, etc.

Read more: Common Side Effects of Metformin