Common side effects of Gabapentin (Neurontin)

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Gabapentin is a prescription medicine used for many different medical conditions. This drug is used to help treat and control partial seizures. It is also often used with other medications to treat symptoms of epilepsy in adults as well children of at least 3 years of age. Gabapentin may also be used to treat postherpetic neuralgia. This is a condition where pain is caused due to nerve damage by a skin condition called shingles; a painful skin rash that usually occurs among adults. It is caused due to the herpes zoster infection and is common among people who have had chickenpox. Gabapentin, for this reason, can also be called an anti-seizure drug or an antiepileptic drug.


How does Gabapentin work?

The mode of action of Gabapentin is still unknown; however, it is believed that the structure of this drug is similar to that of a neurotransmitter called GABA. Neurotransmitters are natural substances that occur within the body and mediate the transfer of signals to and from the central nervous system and to different parts of the body. Due to this similarity, gabapentin interferes with the action of GABA and hence, reduces its effectiveness. For seizures, it is believed that gabapentin changes the levels of calcium in the blood as low levels of calcium may cause seizures while postherpetic neuralgia is treated by reducing the sensitivity of the patient to the pain that occurs.


Tagged under Antiepileptics